Stepping Stones by heidi o'hanley Stepping Stones is a monthly column that breaks down seemingly daunting tasks into simple, manageable “steps” that any art educator can take and apply directly to their classroom. Stepping Stones will explore a variety of topics and share advice for art-on-a-cart teachers and those with art rooms. kNOWINg yOuR SChEdulE aNd ExpECTaTIONS ll teachers have a strict schedule to follow with little room for flexibility. It’s especially tricky when balancing your time moving from room to room. Every school district has expectations and guidelines for their teachers to abide, and as travelers, you’re expected to do the same. In many cases, expectations are one of the causes of teacher burnout. YOUR SCHEDULE If you have a schedule with all grade levels throughout the day (seven classes, grades K–6, all in a row), your biggest challenge is materials, and this goes with classroom and school. You need to create examples for all seven grade levels (unless you’re K–8, and you have nine!), design lesson ideas for all grades each day, and figure your materials for each grade level, each day. By the end of the workday, you want to drop. Here are some suggestions for helping you improve your schedule. Try to plan lessons that require the same materials at the same time in your schedule. For example, if you have cut- A 1 ting/pasting projects and need bins of colored paper scraps, plan the appropriate lessons at the same time. I keep my bins of colored paper in the hallway, and slide them from room to room during the day. There will be overlapping of projects since some grade levels take longer than others, but it helps save you from a heavy cartload. Some schedules are planned with back-to-back grade levels (e.g., K, K, 1, 1 and so on). These schedules are amazing because you may be preparing for many students, but you’re preparing for fewer projects. I found more flexibility with this type of schedule, but like everything in life, nothing stays the same. You will always be adapting to what the school’s needs are at the time. When you do get your schedule, there will be fine-tuning involved. If you’re on a cart, you need that time between classes to move from room to room (and grab that one item you forgot for a future class!). If you find a conflict, discuss it with the teacher at the time, and plan any changes needed. Another issue that you may come across is when duty calls. If you have a lunch duty or T.S.P.E. duty immediately after a class, you may not make it on time. Inform the administrator about the issue, or talk with your duty team about times when you may need to take down, clean up or wash brushes. Featured Art Resources In partially integrated collages, paper shapes can be seen, even can be has extrememely complex. if part of theor surface been painted. Collage Artists at Work Arthur Secunda. Les Alpilles. prepared papers – silk screened, 24 x 18 inches B.J. White. The Center of Things. Mixed media collage, 30 x 22 inches N. Natasha Kostan. Untitled #203. Found paper collage Gerald Brommer. Untitled Study. Mixed media collage, 12 x 16 inches Helen Reed. Rehearsal. Mixed media collage, 22 x 30 inches In a fully integrated collage, none of the original collage shapes can be seen, but their textures are evident. Donna Berryhill. Model with Apple. acrylic and collage, 32 x 40 inches Edward Betts. Still Life. Found and prepared paper collage, 18 x 11 inches 4 John Brooks Miller. Young Juliette. Watercolor and collage, 38 x 28 inches Murray Zucker. Untitled. Found paper collage Today, artists create fascinating images by gluing paper, photos, fabric, metal, wood, or other items to their surfaces. Collages can be very simple arrangements of paper shapes Charles Weinbrenner. Wharf. Found and prepared papers, 36 x 36 inches 3 Paul St. Denis. Flower Lady. Mixed media collage, 45 x 34 inches Bottle of Suze (La Bouteille de Suze). Pablo Picasso, 1912. Pasted papers, gouache, and charcoal, 253⁄4 x 193⁄4 inches. Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum, Washington University in St. Louis. University Purchase, Kende Sale Fund, 1946. © 2009 Estate of Pablo Picasso / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York Modern collage techniques were started in France in 1912 when Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque glued torn and cut papers to their oil paintings. They included newspaper clippings, headlines, wallpaper, and other found papers to create interesting shapes in their work. In the 1920s, German artist Kurt Schwitters pasted all sorts of papers in random arrangements, and an exciting new kind of art joined painting, drawing, printmaking, and sculpture as fine art. It was called papier collé, the French term for pasted paper. 1 In pure collage, all the paper shapes can be seen, and nothing is added to the surface. 2 Collage Posters and DVD DVDs with Paper Activities Six Collage Posters include: • History&Materials • PureCollage • PartiallyIntegratedCollage • FullyIntegratedCollage • PhotoCollage • ExploringwithCollage CP1896Posters . . . . . . . $39 .95 Collage Methods DVD CP0225DVD . . . . . . . . . . $29 .95 Paper DVDs . . . . . $29 .95each Gerald Brommer. Chapel on Samos. Mixed media collage, 11 x 15 inches Gerald Brommer. Point Lobos Monarch. Watercolor and collage, 30 x 22 inches In photo collage, photographic materials (magazines, etc.) are torn or cut into shapes, then collaged. Jim Bockelman. Untitled. Watercolor and collage, 14 x 11 inches 5 Prepared Papers Found Papers Photo Materials John Selleck. Patio Figures. Photo and paper collage on illustration board, 39 x 32 inches Gerald Brommer. Landscape Design. Watercolor and collage, 11 x 11 inches Student. Football Fantasy. Photo collage on paper, each 12 x 8 inches Working with collage is an exciting way to explore different and Colors Collage Supports Collage Adhesives materials and new directionsPaints in your own work. Notable Collage Artists Jean Art Juan Gris Romare Bearden David Hockney Joseph Cornell Jasper Johns Drawing on the support Willem de Kooning Franz Klein Jean Dubuffet Lee Krasner Marcel Duchamp Malevich Mary Britten Lynch. Fish Tale. Handcast paper collage, 30 x 40 inches Betty Schabacker. Bandhavgarh (Tiger and Leopard). Fabric collage on panel, 69 x 43 inches textured of surface or image surface you wish to develop. You can even recycle old collages or paintings, or use Collage the background first Spattering white paint Beginning to add paint Add dark shadows Collage rice paper shapes non-art materials. Paint over the textured surface Consultant: Gerald F. Brommer CrystalProductions © Copyright 2009 Crystal Productions Co. Build the image, back to front Consultant: Gerald F. Brommer CrystalProductions © Copyright 2009 Crystal Productions Co. Add colored shapes Consultant: Gerald F. Brommer Add dark shadows Gerald Brommer. From Jo’s Garden. Mixed media collage on paper, 11 x 15 inches Blot to lift wet color Add lines and dark shapes © Copyright 2009 Crystal Productions Co. Mary Britten Lynch. Fish Tale. Handcast paper collage, 30 x 40 inches Nancy Goodman Lawrence. Ori. Maps and found papers, 23 x 31 inches Stanley Grosse. Kyoto Ridge Series. Mixed found materials, 38 x 53 inches Gerald Brommer. Rocks and Water. Watercolor and rice paper collage on paper, 11 x 15 inches CrystalProductions Add washes for darks Consultant: Gerald F. Brommer Electra Stamelos. Flower Series #83. Cut watercolor paintings, 18 x 24 inches Cut out letters of name or word Glue letters in place Carolyn Cooke. Midnight Blues. Torn up old painting, 15 x 22 inches Cut or tear photos with theme CrystalProductions © Copyright 2009 Crystal Productions Co. Glue in place, from back to front Consultant: Gerald F. Brommer CrystalProductions © Copyright 2009 Crystal Productions Co. Peter Tytla. Tired. Photographic fragments on illustration board, 40 x 30 inches Make trial arrangements J.T. Schnitzer. Damaged Package. Mixed media on panel, 11 x 11 inches Pat Cox. 23 Eucalyptus Leaves. Watercolor and mixed media collage, 9 x 12 inches Jean Deemer. Aftermath. Handmade paper, wire mesh, Foam core, and acrylic paint on board, 11 x 30 inches Bruce Dorfman. Yellow Purple. Paper, fabric, metal, wood, acrylic, and gouache on wood panel, 20 x 30 inches Consultant: Gerald F. Brommer CrystalProductions © Copyright 2009 Crystal Productions Co. Order from CrystalProductions • Glenview, IL • 1-800-255-8629 • www.crystalproductions.com 14 collage half page ad 2012.indd 1 october 2012 • 80 YEARS Still Life with Puzzles. Found paper collage on paper, 11 x 15 inches Preparing papers Mary Britten Lynch. Backyard at Bob & Sue’s. Photo collage on illustration board, 12 x 18 inches Henri Matisse what materials these Collage artists find some materials in art Robert Motherwell artists used in their stores, but also in their garages, newspapers Robert Rauschenberg andin magazines, Gluing papers place fabric shops, and even lying work. When working on the sidewalk. The tools and glues that Ad Reinhardt with collage, you can collage artists use vary from art store materials Kurt Schwitters use anything that nails, screws, string, and all to hammers, Theof Tapies types adhesives, helps create the kind tools, and brushes. Use a variety of papers Try to figure out Cut or tear shapes Make a trial arrangement Peter Tytla. Tired. Photographic fragments on illustration board, 40 x 30 inches 6 1 Charlie Martin. African Customs #2. Photo collage on board, 15 x 22 inches Additional Collage and Paper Activity Resources available online x 8/16/12 3:26 PM www.ar tsandactivities.com
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